Journal of Practical Ethics

The Journal of Practical Ethics is an open access journal in moral and political philosophy (and related areas), published by the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, located at the University of Oxford.

Our vision is to build an open access journal that will bring the best work in philosophy to bear on pressing issues of public, political or interdisciplinary interest. We believe that the ideas and arguments of many moral and political philosophers are of significant relevance to problems in contemporary life. Not only are these arguments of interest to a wide general public, but they are of relevance to many other academics, political and social leaders. However, there is less than optimal penetration of this philosophical work. It will aim to disseminate excellent research in practical and applied ethics to a broad, global audience comprised of both academic and non-academic readers, with high impact.

Every issue of the Journal of Practical Ethics is available online, free of charge. It is an invitation only, blind-peer-reviewed journal. It is entirely open access online, and print copies may be ordered at cost price via a print-on-demand service. Authors and reviewers are offered an honorarium. The Journal aims to bring the best in academic moral and political philosophy, applied to practical matters, to a broader student or interested public audience. It seeks to promote informed, rational debate, and is not tied to any one particular viewpoint. The Journal will present a range of views and conclusions within the analytic philosophy tradition. It is funded through the generous support of the Uehiro Foundation in Ethics and Education.

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A Journal of Philosophy, Applied to the Real World

Journal of Practical Ethics

Current Issue: Volume 6 Number 2. December 2018
Download Complete Issue | Order Print Copy | Journal Homepage

 

Contents

Seeing, Feeling, Doing: Mandatory Ultrasound Laws, Empathy and Abortion
Catherine Mills
Journal of Practical Ethics 6(2): 1-31

In recent years, a number of US states have adopted laws that require pregnant women to have an ultrasound examination, and be shown images of their foetus, prior to undergoing a pregnancy termination. In this paper, I examine one of the basic presumptions of these laws: that seeing one’s foetus changes the ways in which one might act in regard to it, particularly in terms of the decision to terminate the pregnancy or not. I argue that mandatory ultrasound laws compel women into a position of moral spectatorship and require them to recognise the foetus as a being for whom they are responsible, particularly through empathic responses to ultrasound images. The approach I propose extends the project of a bioethics of the image and highlights the need for a critical analysis of the political mobilization of empathy in discussions of abortion.

 

Termination of Pregnancy After Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): Ethical Considerations
Tom Shakespeare & Richard Hull
Journal of Practical Ethics 6(2): 32-54

This article explores the Nuffield Council on Bioethics' recent report about non-invasive prenatal testing. Given that such testing is likely to become the norm, it is important to question whether there should be some ethical parameters regarding its use. The article engages with the viewpoints of Jeff McMahan, Julian Savulescu, Stephen Wilkinson and other commentators on prenatal ethics. The authors argue that there are a variety of moral considerations that legitimately play a significant role with regard to (prospective) parental decision-making in the context of NIPT, for example, views on the morality of abortion and understandings of the impact of disability on quality of life. The variable nature of such considerations, both singularly and combined, suggests that any approach to NIPT should be sensitive to and understanding of similarly variable parental assessments and decisions. The implications of the approach developed for current and future policies in this area are explored, along with the impact of such arguments on ideas about procreative beneficence.

 

The Endless Umbilical Cord: Parental Obligation to Grown Children
Rivka Weinberg
Journal of Practical Ethics 6(2): 55-72

One might think that parental obligation to children ends with the end of childhood. I argue that if we consider why parents are obligated to their children, we will see that this view is false. Creating children exposes them to life’s risks. When we expose others to risks, we are often obligated to minimize damages and compensate for harms. Life’s risks last a lifetime, therefore parental obligation to one’s children does too. Grown children’s autonomy, and grown children’s independent responsibility for some of their own problems, can sometimes limit what parental responsibility demands of parents but it doesn’t do away with the responsibility. I argue that my conclusions are not as counterintuitive as they might initially seem. I also consider the implications that parental obligation to grown children might have on the oft assumed obligation that grown children have to care for their parents.

Past Issues

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Journal of Practical Ethics (6)1

For Hierarchy in Animal Ethics
Shelly Kagan
Journal of Practical Ethics 6(1): 1-18

The Claims of Animals and the Needs of Strangers: Two Cases of Imperfect Right
Christine M. Korsgaard
Journal of Practical Ethics 6(1): 19-51

The Fundamental Problem of Philosophy: Its Point
Ingmar Persson
Journal of Practical Ethics 6(1): 52-68

Journal of Practical Ethics (5)2

The Neglected Harms of Beauty: Beyond Engaging Individuals
Heather Widdows
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(2): 1-29

Why be Moral in a Virtual World?
John McMillan & Mike King
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(2): 30-48

Population and Having Children Now
Jan Narveson
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(2): 49-6

Is Sex With Robots Rape?
Romy Eskens
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(2): 62-7

Prostitution: You Can’t Have Your Cake and Sell It
Simon-Pierre Chevarie-Cossette
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(2): 77-8

The Ethics of Political Bots: Should We Allow Them For Personal Use?
Jonas Haeg
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(2): 85-10

What Makes Discrimination Wrong?
Paul de Font-Reaulx
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(2): 105-11

The Ethical Dilemma of Youth Politics
Andreas Masvie
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(2): 114-121

Journal of Practical Ethics 5(1)

Structural Injustice and the Place of Attachment 
Lea Ypi
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(1): 1-21

Accepting Collective Responsibility for the Future
Stephen M. Gardiner
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(1): 22-52

The Death Penalty Debate: Four Problems and New Philosophical Perspectives
Masaki Ichinose
Journal of Practical Ethics 5(1): 53-80

Journal of Practical Ethics 4(2)

The Greatest Vice?
Hugh LaFollette
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(2), pp 1-24

Ignorance, Humility and Vice
Cecile Fabre
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(2), pp 25-30

Humanity’s Collective Ownership of the Earth and Immigration
Mathias Risse
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(2), pp 31-66

Twenty Questions
Peter Singer
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(2), pp 67-78

Necessity and Liability: On an Honour-Based Justification for Defensive Harming
Joseph Bowen
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(2), pp 79-93

Consistent Vegetarianism and the Suffering of Wild Animals
Thomas M. Sittler-Adamczewski
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(2), pp 94-102

Journal of Practical Ethics 4(1)

Dilemmas of Political Correctness
Dan Moller
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(1), pp 1-22

Offsetting Class Privilege
Holly Lawford-Smith
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(1), pp 23-51

Unjust Wars Worth Fighting For
Victor Tadros
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(1), pp 52-78

The Economics of Morality
Dillon Bowen
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(1), pp 80-103

Going Viral: Vaccines, Free Speech, and the Harm Principle
Miles Unterreiner
Journal of Practical Ethics 4(1), pp 104-120

Journal of Practical Ethics 3(2)

Less Blame, Less Crime? The Practical Implications of Moral Responsibility Skepticism
Neil Levy
Journal of Practical Ethics 3(2), pp 1-17

Common Morality, Human Rights, and Multiculturalism in Japanese and American Bioethics
Tom L. Beauchamp
Journal of Practical Ethics 3(2), pp 18-35

Should we Prohibit Breast Implants? Collective Moral Obligations in the Context of Harmful and Discriminatory Social Norms
Jessica Laimann
Journal of Practical Ethics 3(2), pp 37-60

How Should Vegans Live?
Xavier Cohen
Journal of Practical Ethics 3(2), pp 61-65

Journal of Practical Ethics 3(1)

Cost Effectiveness Analysis and Fairness
F. M. Kamm
Journal of Practical Ethics 3(1), pp 1-14

The Elements of Well-Being
Brad Hooker
Journal of Practical Ethics 3(1), pp 15-35

Motives to Assist and Reasons to Assist: the Case of Global Poverty
Simon Keller
Journal of Practical Ethics 3(1), pp 37-63

Journal of Practical Ethics 2(2)

How Theories of Well-Being Can Help Us Help
Valerie Tiberius
Journal of Practical Ethics 2(2), pp 1-19

What Can we Learn From Happiness Surveys?
Edward Skidelsky
Journal of Practical Ethics 2(2), pp 20-32

Indirect Discrimination Is Not Necessarily Unjust
Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen
Journal of Practical Ethics 2(2), pp 33-57

Letter: Comment on “Associative Duties and the Ethics of Killing in War”
Jeff McMahan
Journal of Practical Ethics 2(2), pp 58-68

Letter: A Reply to McMahan
Seth Lazar
Journal of Practical Ethics 2(2), pp 69-71

Journal of Practical Ethics 2(1)

Church-State Separation, Healthcare Policy, and Religious Liberty
Robert Audi
Journal of Practical Ethics 2(1), pp 1-23

Taking Humour (Ethics) Seriously, But Not Too Seriously
David Benatar
Journal of Practical Ethics 2(1), pp 24-43

Only X%: The Problem of Sex Equality
Janet Radcliffe-Richards
Journal of Practical Ethics 2(1), pp 44-67

Journal of Practical Ethics 1(2)

The Morality of Reputation and the Judgment of Others
David S. Oderberg
Journal of Practical Ethics 1(2), pp 3-33

Moral Education in the Liberal State
Kyla Ebels-Duggan
Journal of Practical Ethics 1(2), pp 34-63

Motives and Markets in Health Care
Daniel Hausman
Journal of Practical Ethics 1(2), pp 64-84

Journal of Practical Ethics 1(1)

Introducing the Journal of Practical Ethics
Roger Crisp & Julian Savulescu
Journal of Practical Ethics 1(1), pp 1-2

Associative Duties and the Ethics of Killing in War
Seth Lazar
Journal of Practical Ethics 1(1), pp 3-48

Biotechnology, Justice and Health
Ruth Faden & Madison Powers
Journal of Practical Ethics 1(1), pp 49-61

Situationism and Agency
Alfred R. Mele & Joshua Shepherd
Journal of Practical Ethics 1(1), pp 62-83

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